Films are cultural artifacts created by specificcultures. They reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them. Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment, and a powerful medium foreducating—or indoctrinating—citizens. The visual basis of film gives it a universal power of communication. Some films have become popular worldwide attractions by usingdubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into the language of the viewer. Some have criticized the film industry’s glorification of violence and its potentially negative treatment of women.
The name “film” originates from the fact thatphotographic film (also called film stock)