A peace deal signed between Eritrea and Ethiopia on Monday has formally ended one of Africa’s longest wars, surprising observers and delighting citizens of the East African nations.
The agreement comes after 18 years of “no peace, no war” that followed two years of intense border fighting between 1998 and 2000 that killed more than 70,000 people.
A landmark summit in the Eritrean capital produced the accord between Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed and his counterpart, Isaias Afwerki. The two countries have not had diplomatic ties since the war began and Mr Ahmed’s visit to Asmara was the first by an Ethiopian prime minister in 20 years.
According to the “Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship”, the Horn of Africa neighbours “will endeavor to forge intimate political, economic, social, cultural and security cooperation”.