Why does it occur
What Casues Acne
Acne occurs when glands (called sebaceous glands) in the follicles of the skin become overactive. These glands produce sebum, an oily substance that helps to stop the skin drying out. Someone with acne produces too much sebum, which forms a plug with dead skin cells and blocks the follicle.
If the blocked follicle is close to the skin surface, it balloons outwards and forms a whitehead. If the plug it the top of the follicle – opening on to the skin surface, it can be seen as a blackhead.
Bacteria that live on the skin – and which are usually completely harmless – can then infect the plugged follicles. This can cause the surrounding skin to become red and sore, and produce pus, leading to spots, nodules and cysts.
Areas of skin with the most follicles are the face, upper back and chest, which explains why acne tends to occur in these regions.
Why do some people have acne but not others?
The exact cause of acne is not known, but it is probably associated with several related factors:
Teenagers are particularly prone to acne because levels of hormones (known as androgens) increase at puberty. These hormones cause an increase in the size of the sebaceous glands and the amount of oil they produce.
Hormonal changes occurring in pregnancy, or on starting or stopping birth control pills (the Pill) can also cause acne.
Acne can also run in families. If one or both or your parents had acne, or a brother or sister, this can increase your chances of developing the condition.
Certain medicines, including androgen hormones, and lithium, can cause acne.
Why does acne sometimes get worse?
Several factors can cause acne to get worse:
Changing levels of hormones in teenage girls and women, usually two to seven days before their period starts.
Oil from skin products, such as moisturisers and make-up, or grease in the workplace (such as a kitchen with fryers).
Irritants in the environment, such as air pollution or humid conditions
Squeezing or picking blackheads, whiteheads or spots
Scrubbing the skin
Everyone wants an acne-free face. But not everyone is willing to do the things that are necessary to keep your face free from dirt, oil, and inflammation. At the end of the day, however, an acne-free face is completely achievable. Read on for some helpful hints about how to keep your face free from acne.
1Don’t pop your pimples. This is the number one rule! Pimples contain nasty bacteria. If you pop your pimples, that bacteria has a chance of getting inside other pores and giving them a place to stay without charging rent, so to speak. Make sure your pimples pay rent.
2Consider going without makeup for a while. Foundation and lipstick can be harmful to the skin. Although it may be a bit embarrassing going fresh faced if you have bad skin, going “bare” will definitely help your skin clear up.
3Another disadvantage of popping pimples is that the skin around the pimple, and the pimple itself, will become inflamed. Inflammation will cause even more redness and pain.
4Try not to touch your face. Your hands (no matter how many times you wash them) have oils and dirt on them, and are vectors for bacteria. If you’re constantly wiping that dirt, oil, and bacteria back onto your face, chances are it’s not going to respond too well and you will also end up spreading even more the bacteria to other areas of your face.
5Drink enough water. Many doctors recommend that you drink between 9 and 12 cups of water per day (2.2 to 3 liters), depending on whether you are a girl or guy.(Women should drink 9 cups, men should drink 12.) Your skin is an organ in your body, too, and like your kidney, it needs adequate amounts of water to function properly.
6Cut sweet, sugary drinks like sodas, juices, and smoothies out of your diet. Although the evidence has been disputed for decades, new reports seem to indicate that diets do have a substantial effect on acne, listing sugar as a trigger. Sugars cause a spike in insulin, which in turn stimulates certain pimple producing hormones.
7Drink less milk. Milk, too, has recently been implicated as an acne-producing agent. Milk stimulates male sex hormones — testosterone and androgens — that, along with insulin, cause nasty pimples.
8Unsweetened green tea may be helpful, too. Green tea contains tons of antioxidants that help fight free radicals; free radicals affect the cells that may be responsible for signs of aging in the skin. For a healthy alternative to water, brew some tasty and healthy green tea!
9Eat a balanced diet. Diet can help your complexion look its best if you let it. There’s nothing amazing about the following sentence, and you can probably guess what it’s going to be: eat more fruits and vegetables, more healthy fats, and experiment with probiotics
10People who eat more fruits and veggies, and less milk and sugar, tend to have less acne. Make sure you get 5 to 9 servings of healthy vegetables (especially leafy greens) per day.
Eat omega-3 fatty acids. There’s fat, and then there’s healthy fat. Healthy fats, like omega-3s, help fight inflammation and promote healthy cells. Omega-3s are damaged by oxygen, meaning if you eat foods that are rich in omega-3s, try to eat them raw. In a pinch, baked or broiled is better than boiling or fried. Foods rich in omega-3s include:
12Eat the right vitamins, in moderation. This one is another no-brainer. The right kind of vitamins will help your body create vibrant, wonderful skin and fight acne to boot. Vitamin-A has been particularly effective in promoting healthy skin. Do not take vitamin-A if you are pregnant.
Try vitamin-E. Critical for skin health, vitamin-E is low in many acne sufferers.Take 400 IU (international units) a day.
Don’t try to wash your face more than twice a day. Washing your face too much will only make your face dry, causing your face to produce more oils, which unfortunately equals more acne.
Moisturize after each time you wash your face. Washing strips the moisture from your skin as it fights the acne-producing bacteria. Ensure that you give your skin the moisture it needs, even if you have naturally oily skin.
Use moisturizers that are non-comedogenic. This simply means that they won’t clog your pores. You don’t want your moisturizer to clog pores right after you’ve cleaned them.