Gastritis definition and facts
- Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining and is usually termed acute or chronic gastritis.
- The two major causes of gastritis are 1) a bacterium named Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori, and 2) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). However, there are many other causes like other infectious agents, autoimmune problems, diseases like Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, and isolated granulomatosis gastritis.
- Although many individuals with gastritis may have no symptoms, both acute and chronic gastritis may have symptoms of
- Gastritis can be diagnosed by the patient’s symptoms and history (for example, NSAID and/or alcohol consumption), or by breath, blood, stool, immunological, and biopsy tests to detect H. pylori and other tests such as endoscopy or radiologic studies demonstrate mucosal changes.
- The treatment for gastritis varies according to the cause. Other less common causes may be treated similarly, but do not treat the underlying cause.
- Home remedies may help reduce gastritsi symptoms, but usually does not treat the underlying cause of the condition.
- Foods to avoid and chemical irritants that cause or aggravate gastritis symptoms should be reduced or stopped all together. For example:
- There is no gastritis diet, however, the growth of H. pylori may be stopped by a diet rich in fiber, and foods that contain flavonoids, for example:
- Complications from acute gastritis are rare.
- Complications from chronic gastritis include peptic ulcer, bleeding ulcers, anemia, gastric cancers, MALT lymphoma, renal problems, strictures, bowel obstruction, or even death.
- People with acute gastritis usually recover completely with no complications.
- Chronic gastritis may have a range of outcomes from good (early treatment) to poor if serious complications develop.
- If underlying causes of gastritis (for example, alcohol, or NSAIDs usage) are treated or not used, gastritis also may be prevented.
- To prevent infectious causes of gastritis practice good hand washing techniques, for example, wash the hands thoroughly and frequently.
- To reduce the risk of gastritis avoid situations where you are exposed to chemicals, radiation, or toxins.
- Gastritis possible to cure in many patients if the underlying cause(s) is cured.