Audio – A prime miinister hailemariam desalegn addressed the unga Newyork
Ethiopia’s occupation of Eritrea, threat to Horn of Africa: U.N. told
Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban
2 hours ago
The Eritrean government is accusing its neighbours, Ethiopia, of threatening the peace of the Horn of Africa region with its continued occupation of their sovereign territory.
Eritrea’s position was contained in Asmara’s address to the United Nations General Assembly during the 72nd session of the meeting of heads of state and government.
The country’s Foreign Affairs chief, Osman Saleh Mohammed, noted that Ethiopia’s decade-and-half occupation had become more of a regional security issue than one that affected them only.
Another impediment in front of Eritrea, indeed in front of the whole Horn of Africa region is the 15-year-old occupation of sovereign Eritrean territory by Ethiopia.
Eritrea-Ethiopia border tensions persist due to US meddling – President Afwerki
After making a strong call for the U.N. to lift U.S.-led arms sanctions imposed in 2009, he added: “Another impediment in front of Eritrea, indeed in front of the whole Horn of Africa region is the 15-year-old occupation of sovereign Eritrean territory by Ethiopia.
“Eritrea calls on the Security Council to ensure the end of this flagrant violation of international law and several UN resolutions,” he stressed.
The Horn of Africa region is basically a peninsula of northeastern Africa (the easternmost part of Africa) comprising Somalia and Djibouti and Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia. It is dogged with terrorism, piracy and recently an acute drought and famine in parts.
Eritrea and its border spats with neighbouring Djibouti and Ethiopia
Incidentally, Ethiopia happens to chair the Security Council’s activities for the month of September. The country was voted to take a non-permanent seat in 2016 but resumed its tenure on January 1, 2017.
Tensions between the two countries remain high with escalations reported in the past. Addis Ababa insists that its former ‘colony’ is planned behind attacks on it. They argue that Eritrea was backing anti-peace elements stoking protests against the regime. Asmara denies this.
Both countries continue to trade diplomatic blows over a border demarcation issue stretching back decades. The then Ethiopian Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki signed a border demarcation agreement in Algiers but the terms has yet to be fully implemented.
Eritrea’s other neighbours are Djibouti and Sudan. The country is located at a strategic area along one of the world’s busiest shipping routes. The country retained the entire coastline of the then – Ethiopia after the attainment of independence in 1993.
H.E. Mr. Osman Saleh Mohammed , Minister for Foreign Affairs
23 September 2017
OSMAN SALEH MOHAMMED, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Eritrea, said the world was increasingly fragile, unjust and unequal. The majority of nations and their citizens had no power, no voice, no means for a decent life and, often, no peace and security. “We may be called the United Nations, but the reality is that we are divided nations and societies,” he said. Developing countries and marginalized peoples owed it to themselves and future generations to build solidary and strive for a better world.
While there had been some progress in Africa, talk of an “African renaissance” with fast-growing economies was misplaced and premature, he said. Only when its economies, its institutions and its quality of life better reflected its great potential could Africa be said to have taken its rightful place in the world. Eritrea was a young, strategically located nation with significant human and natural resources, he said, but it had faced the full brunt of an unjust international order. It had been demonized, ostracized and severely tested. Nevertheless, it was quietly engaged in comprehensive nation-building, pursuing an ambitious development programme that relied first on its people and domestic resources. Eritrea was confident that it would meet the Sustainable Development Goals ahead of time, he said.
Emphasizing that Eritrea would engage with all countries, including those with which it differed, he said that its political, economic, social and diplomatic path would be smoother and easier if external obstacles were removed. In that regard, Eritrea called on the Security Council to lift unfair and unjust sanctions imposed for the past nine years. “There is no justification for them to continue and they do not serve any useful purpose,” he said. The Council must also ensure an end of Ethiopia’s 15-year occupation of sovereign Eritrean territory, which was a violation of international law and several United Nations resolutions, he added.